What is CBD Oil?

Cannabidiol, or CBD is a non-psychoactive, naturally occurring compound found in cannabis plants. CBD has gained in popularity recently due to its potential health and wellness benefits. The oil is extracted from both the hemp and marijuana plants which are members of the cannabis family. CBD oil may have the potential to support the bodies communication network responsible for regulating many essential functions.

With so many CBD products on the market, CBD oil still tends to be the most popular product among users. Whether its the ease of use or high bioavailability or perhaps its the many touted effects on the body and mind that attracts users, people from all walks of life use CBD oil for a variety of reasons — but most often to help boost general health and wellbeing. 

As with any cannabis related product, it is natural to have concerns about using a CBD oil. At Chronic Tonics we produced our ‘Beginners guide to CBD’, so read on  to learn more about the history, extraction and dosage of CBD oil. We’ll also cover common confusions like the difference between hemp and marijuana, and the effects of CBD versus THC.

Cannabis - a journey through time

History of Cannabis

Cannabis has been recorded throughout history and among many cultures as being one of mans earliest crops. The cannabis plant has been grown as a source of food from hemp seeds and for use in textiles. As a herbal medicine, cannabis was used to treat an extensive list of health problems, from chronic pain to skin infections. Without knowing how or why cannabis alleviated their symptoms, they continued to rely on products made from cannabis plants. Hemp plants were used for many purposes. Humans used hemp fibers for making rope and fabrics, seeds for nutrition, and flowers for herbal medicine.

With experience, we began to understand that different strains of cannabis could be used for different purposes. Hemp plants tended to be tall, thin, lanky, and producing seeds. Marijuana plants were short, stocky, and flowering. These plants were grown separately and eventually specialized into what we now know as hemp and marijuana.

Back in 2737 BC China, the Pen Ts’ao Ching reported the Emperor Shen-Nung treated skin rashes and irritation with hemp oil. The hemp plants versatility meant it eventually found its way all over the world. In Europe hemp was used to make clothing and building materials. In Africa, it was given to pregnant women before childbirth. Queen Victoria’s doctor, J.R. Reynolds, prescribed CBD-rich cannabis to treat her severe menstrual cramps.1 Around this time, the well-known physician William Brooke O’Shaughnessy reported that hemp could treat tetanus, epilepsy, rheumatism, and rabies.

As time progressed marijuana was bred to increase its THC content and thus increase its psychoactive effects. This prompted the then US president Ronald Regan to allocate tens of millions of dollars to prove that marijuana causes brain damage. Not only did these studies prove the opposite, marijuana does not cause brain damage, but this conclusion prompted the Reagan administration to subsidize a series of studies that led to the discovery of the endocannabinoid system, which we’ll cover fully in a later article..

Today, scientists are interested in the potential benefits of cannabinoids like THC and CBD. The culture around cannabinoids is shifting, and the market for CBD is thought to grow 700% by 2020.

To find out more about all our Chronic Tonics CBD Products see our ‘About our CBD’ section.


Making CBD

CBD oil is extracted from cannabis like any other plant essence or essential oil is extracted. The CBD compound can be extracted from either hemp or marijuana plants. Many producers extract from the stalks and stems of hemp plants, an industrial form of cannabis that’s high in CBD, in order to avoid legal problems from using recreational marijuana strains. At Chronic Tonics our CBD Oil is produced using only organically certified hemp, which has been grown specifically in Europe by the producers of our oil. While there are several potential extraction methods, the two most commonly used are:

C02 Extraction – involves filtering the plant matter through a series of temperature-controlled chambers under a significant amount of pressure

Chemical Extraction – Ethanol, ethyl alcohol, a commonly used food additive and preservative, separates the essential oil from the plant matter.

After extraction, chemists use a technique called chromatography to remove unwanted plant materials from the product. Sometimes, chemists will also extract terpenes and other minor chemical compounds to produce a “full-spectrum” final product.

CBD oil is also usually decarboxylated before packaging, making the CBD oil more bioavailable. Raw cannabinoids contain a carboxylic acid group, which makes it inactive when consumed in its raw form. That’s why you have to smoke or bake marijuana before using it. The same is true for CBD. In order for CBD oil to be useful when taken orally, it has to be decarboxylated first.

CBD dosing


Understandably caution should be taken when dosing CBD oil. With the oil usually dispensed with a dropper, it can be difficult to find the right dose. First you’ll need to understand the strength or potency of your CBD oil, and the dropper volume.

The products label or packaging should indicate, in milligrams, the amount of CBD present per unit volume. For example, at Chronic Tonics we offer organic CBD Oil in either 550mg or 1000mg in a 10 ml bottle.

All products are different and the dropper volume and drop size may vary, however a good guide is that one full dropper contains around 1mL of oil, and 1mL contains about 10 drops. With a little bit of math, we can calculate that the 1000mg tincture has approximately 100mg of CBD in 1 mL, the 550mg tincture has approximately 55mg of CBD in 1 mL.

From here, you can calculate the amount of CBD in your dose by relating the number of drops per mL and the CBD per mL. You’ll also get an idea of the recommended oral dose from the bottle label and follow their dosage instructions.

Every person is different and has different requirements from their CBD oil and thus CBD affects everyone differently, meaning the dose will be different also. The main reason for this is genetic differences in our liver enzymes. When using CBD for the first time, it’s important to start low and go slow. So you should start with a very small dose and wait to see if you feel the effects. You can slowly increase your dose over time until you feel the desired effects for you. There is no point in taking too much CBD and hoping for the best, while you cannot overdose on CBD, studies show that more CBD does not actually mean better effects. It’s, therefore, a good idea to find your own ‘sweet spot’, and not worry about what dosage others are using.

To keep up to date with everything new at Chronic Tonics visit our Facebook page.

full spectrum cbd vs cbd isolate

know the difference

You may notice some products are labeled as full-spectrum CBD and others are created from CBD isolates. Full-spectrum CBD and CBD isolate both have the potential to work effectively with your endocannabinoid system. See below to find out the distinguishing features of each.

Full-Spectrum CBD Oil

Full-spectrum CBD oil contains all the 113 other cannabinoids in hemp, plus the resin of the cannabis plant contains a host of phytocannabinoids and plant terpenes, unsaturated hydrocarbons, and flavonoids, powerful antioxidants with immune system benefits.

Full- spectrum CBD product takes full advantage of 'the entourage effect'. The theory is that the additional cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids of the original plant, magnify each others effect.

These trace additional cannabinoids in full-spectrum CBD may help strengthen the potential impact of the product because the compounds work synergistically with each other. Meaning, the compounds interact creating a result greater than their individual effects. Some of the additional compounds available in full spectrum CBD oil include:

B complex vitamins Omega-3 fatty acids All 20 essential amino acids Vitamins E, A, and C Magnesium and potassium Iron and calcium Zinc and phosphorus

CBD Isolate

Full spectrum CBD may seem the obvious choice, however CBD oil made from CBD isolates which is 99% purified CBD, may offer some unique advantages as well as all the advantages of CBD. Some of the advantages to selecting CBD isolate include:

Precise control of the amount of cannabidiol in products made from isolates Products can be created with higher amounts of CBD per dose Isolates are taste and odor-free, which makes isolates a preferred additive in edible products The potential to remove the trace amounts of THC naturally found in hemp (legal at <.03 percent)

Like what you see? Our full CBD Supplement range is available to buy in store today!


1 Science Direct. On The Therapeutical Uses and Toxic Effects of Cannabis Indica.
Additional Sources:
History. History of Marijuana.
U.S. News. ((2018, March 1). What is CBD Oil – and Should You Use It?
Marijuana Times. (2016, March 13). The Endocannabinoid System: A History of Endocannabinoids and Cannabis.
Kannaway. Take Advantage of the Entourage Effect with Full-Spectrum Hemp Oil Products.
Medical Jane. Terpenes.

Scroll to Top